Chapter 2 – Verse 1 -2

Chapter 2 – Verse 1 -2

Sanjaya says that when Krishna saw Arjuna in such a state with tears in his eyes he spoke:
“Arjuna how these impure thoughts have come to you .It does not befit you.”
Arjuna in complete turmoil completely surrenders by sitting with his head bowed, his bows and arrows set aside. He has tears in his eyes and he seeks guidance.
Lord Krishna asks Arjuna with a lot of love the reason for so much confusion as it does not suit one who knows the value of life.

Here we can see Lord Krishna reprimanding his favorite disciple Arjuna.
Though Arjuna was from a learned background and well versed, why was he behaving with total body consciousness?

When we are on the path, and as we learn and know some things spiritually, and yet we end up taking wrong decisions or making some mistake we face lot of turmoil.

The question that comes on our mind is that even after having the knowledge how I made a mistake…

See even when we are on the path, we are in different stages.

Like suppose we have to merge with the sun then some will be just absorbing the rays of the sun, while some would be feeling the warmth and might be nearer to the sun while very few might be within the sun.

This is a journey. Each on a different level of consciousness and so the reactions and actions will be based on that.

At times even though we have traversed much ahead on the journey, some situation might come up where we for a while completely forget who we are and thinking we are this body we react.

This is when Krishna will intervene and ask us why we are behaving in such a foolish manner.

This happens when the soul has travelled a little ahead on the path, is seeking and surrenders with all humility unto the supreme.

So however and wherever we are on the journey, let us remember to surrender to the supreme energy with utmost humility.
Then we need never fear as to what the consequence will be…as Lord Krishna will definitely take care of us by guiding us.


Chapter 1 Verse 42-43-44-45-46


Chapter 1 Verse 42-43-44-45-46

Arjuna is worried that wrong thinking will prevail and create chaos in society.
He feels that due to adultery family traditions will be destroyed.
Further he feels that such people will dwell in hell.
Arjuna’s deductions are based on the knowledge he has received from his elders.
Arjuna feels that he and the entire army of Pandavas are all ready to kill their own kinsmen in order to enjoy royal happiness.
Arjuna feels it’s better if the Kauravas killed him on the battlefield unarmed and unresistant.
Sanjaya says that saying all the above, Arjuna puts down his bow and arrow and sits on the chariot, his mind overwhelmed with grief.
This ends the 1st chapter of the Gita.
Arjuna is the prime example where the conditioning that has affected shows strongly.
He believes and acts as per the knowledge he has received from his elders and guru.
The deductions are not of his own mind and neither of Lord Krishna.
Though Krishna is on his side, Arjuna has fears, worries and deductions.
Why is this so? It is because he fails to see his true self and is speaking in complete body consciousness.
What is body consciousness? It means thinking that ‘I am the body’ which is completely wrong.
The body belongs to me is the correct understanding.
Though Arjuna is learned he is at this moment of war bound by the conditioning of body consciousness and fails to see who he is.
We too are the same. Even though we all know that we are the soul, eternal…yet we have fears and worries.
We too have our own deductions based on the knowledge we have received from our elders.
Yet, we must not forget that we have a mind and an intellect and we must use it instead of blindly following on the path shown to us by our elders.
The indication is not that elders are wrong, but they too might be following on the path shown to them and in return showing you the path.
Is that the right one? If only we ask this simple question, Krishna would answer our questions like he will do in the forthcoming chapters.
Let us not judge anyone. Instead let each of us take up this task of shedding the conditioning of our mind.
We are not using our intellect. The intellect too has its limitations, yet it has information and as we grow spiritually this intellect turns into viveka.

If we do not question, do not wonder, do not seek answers we will be just living our life as per the rules and regulations preset by society and dying.

Then again taking birth and doing the same thing. Punarapi jananam Punarapi maranam….
The cycle of birth and death of the body will continue…
Are we not trapped in this? Don’t we want a release?
Don’t we want to feel free by knowing and experiencing who we actually are?
Or do we remain trapped in body consciousness and take birth after birth… never realizing the true self?
A question we all need to ponder over as this chapter ends…the answers coming from Krishna in the next chapter which has 72 verses is a treat one could wait for…
How was the first chapter? Is it not a wonder in itself that we have completed the first chapter and truly rearing to go for the next one as we all want to bask in the wisdom that Krishna will reveal?….

chapter 1 -Q &A – verse 39

Q & A

What can we do now from our end to make things good? It’s actually tough but then anything that we can do to bring minute change atleast. What could that be?
And how to understand and distinguish between the true knowledge and misguidance? Some way to understand things…
What could that be? Is it self-effort? Or something that could be of help to us to keep walking on the path without getting misguided and be of help to others simultaneously?


The only way a change can be brought about is by changing the self.

If each individual works on the self, the entire creation will change.

The conditioning has been or rather is very strong and it has sort of become the base of our behavior.

But the conditioning is just a layer which will drop as knowledge is gained and wisdom filters in.

The right approach is self-effort. Be the change…

Unless we are a living example of the change we seek from the world,
there will be no change happening.

Right knowledge will come from discrimination power which is called vivek- Now we have buddhi, which is intelligence and knowledge based on that. Vivek gives us the power to discriminate the right from the wrong. Vivek comes from the blessings of a Guru/ from scriptures/from gyaan acquired through shivirs, videos, audios of learned saints.

Until then the layer of ignorance will be there and misguidance will happen.

It is true for every individual- so nothing to worry about. It is like we are all in a dark room.

As light filters in, understanding, vivek and wisdom will become clear.

The brighter the light, ignorance will be gone and replaced by wisdom.

Now we can work on allowing the light to filter in.

Also how much ever we feel we are helping others, or can help others, we cannot.

We can only be a reflection for others to see and follow on the path.
As we walk the path our reflection serves as a light for others who may be in the dark and seeking the light.
And yet you may be in a dark room and still people might be in darkness. 

It is because they feel secure in the darkness…ignorance is bliss…

So just work on seeking light, allowing light to filter in, absorb it and flow with it.

Soon you will be the light that some people might use to ward off the darkness they are in…

Chapter 1 Verse 39-40-41

Chapter 1 Verse 39-40-41


As the elders of the family are responsible for guiding the youngsters to attain spiritual values, the death of such elders will deprive the younger generation from salvation.
He fears the loss of chastity of women in the family and feels if elders are there to protect this will be averted.
He fears that men in the society will become irresponsible provoking adultery.
Further he is afraid that this will lead to loss of all traditions thereby all Shraddha ceremonies will be stopped and ancestors will not be taken care of.
Ones who are not in the devotional service – spiritual path- will need to perform the required ceremonies to help the forefathers.


But those who are on the path just need to continue doing the good service and that itself will deliver thousands of ancestors from misery.


It is stated in the Bhagvatam “ anyone who has taken shelter of the lotus feet of mukunda, the giver of liberation, giving up all kinds of obligations and has taken to the path in all seriousness, owes neither duties nor obligations to the demigods, sages, general living entities, family members, human-kind or forefathers.”

What we understand from the above is, the traditions and rituals that are being followed is strictly for those who are not walking full-fledged on the path.
As per Dharma, the elders would be stable, experienced and be able to guide the coming generations.
This was true until the last few generations. But today what we see around is a complete mess and misguidance resulting due to the ignorance of most of the elders of the previous few generations.
Somewhere the knowledge and wisdom turned into rituals, orthodox systems, biased regulations, conditioning etc. leading to unwanted fears.
These fears were passed on and has now resulted in chaos.

Somewhere, the youth needs to pick up the threads of wisdom left behind by our sages in the Vedas by meeting and associating with the learned Saints and bring back the traditions and cultures long lost.

Arjuna’s fears still hold true- that adharma will happen- as it did happen.
With the loss of important wise people, misguidance and irreligion has only increased over the thousands of years.
Now a handful of learned Saints – who truly know and are self-realized – are left to guide man-kind. The fear that Arjuna feels is felt by me and maybe by you all too.
With the learned Saints taking Samadhi or staying away from man-kind, we are in for a massive disaster as we are in the process of forsaking salvation which is the ultimate purpose of the soul, the reason why we have taken this body.
Do think over these aspects as it is much in depth and every single thought will bring a difference not only to the self but to humanity at large.

Chapter 1 verse 37-38-39

Verse 37-38

 Arjuna sees the crime in destroying a family but the rivals don’t because their hearts are overtaken by greed.

He feels why he should engage in the act of sin when he can see the evil consequences.

Actually a Kshatriya cannot refuse to fight a battle when challenged.

Arjuna did not want to fight.

Verse 39

If the dynasty would be destroyed then the surviving members of the family would be involved in adharma.

It means that the elders in the family guide the younger generation and so if they are killed in the battle the survivors will end up unstable and would not know dharma and adharma and make mistakes.

Arjuna is in a state of utter confusion and he is weighing the pros and cons of the battle.

Once he has been challenged and the battle is to begun, it is a bit late for him to be contemplating on the consequences.

Do we face this too? At times in our lives we take certain decisions as it is just correct to do the same and then either just before the action or during the action, the doubts start creeping in?

What does one do in such a situation?

There is no way of going back and the action has to be done.

Like Arjuna we too must surrender to Krishna and speak out our doubts.

He will then guide us appropriately even if we are right in the middle of the action – like Arjuna is…


Chapter 1 Questions-verse 32-36


So till the time we replace with positive things, we are bound to experience negative things till that time…how to deal with that for the time being? Expressing it is not acceptable by others at times. Keeping it within us hurts us only. So there’s confusion at times whether to express what you feel or not. Again a thought comes be yourself and don’t think what others might think of you. A thought comes that the way of expressing matters. There’s lot of confusion at such times. What to do and how to deal with it? 

And like Arjuna we face dilemmas everyday. To fight against wrong we need lot of courage and confidence. And when we are doing that also people around criticize us a lot. And hum marte hai…as its rightly said jo karta hai vo marta hai…so how to handle that??

It is a journey…have to keep walking. Not to succumb to negatives.

Determination to overcome, cross over and reach the ultimate must remain throughout.

See the more you focus on negatives, the more it will enhance.

First accept yourself the way you are. When anger insecurity etc. take control over you unknowingly, understand that you are still working on yourself.

It will not happen instantly. It takes time, patience and perseverance for all.
Over a period of time, the bouts of anger etc. will reduce.

Keep working on the self. Atleast now we realise that we are angry and we should not have burst out. So seek forgiveness, pray and chant.
Heal yourself. Others getting hurt is only a small part.

You hurt yourself when negatives flow out of you plus you create karmas.
Once you know the double edged nature of emotions, you will be more aware the next time.
That is why it is clearly called self-effort/purushartha.

Because others are not in the picture at all. It is the self that has to transcend.
So work, effort, awareness, change etc. should be of the self and for the self.

As mentioned earlier – Others will think something or the other about us.
We must not bother about it as it is our own opinion of our self which is important and not what others say.

Each one will speak as per the colour of their specs. In one room if people are wearing different colour glasses, each will see you in different colours. One will say red, other blue and so on. Yet you are what you are!

Avoid expressing as far as possible. Sit back, calm down and think it out. Then with a stable mind speak what you have to.

We cannot fight unless we have Krishna on our side.
Krishna is the supreme consciousness and when he guides you to fight only then you will end up fighting.

But suppose you have not awakened the Krishna within, then fighting will be of no use or help.

Focus on awakening the God within. Do not fight, do not argue. If you want to fight, fight with yourself. Why am I like this? Why I am not disciplined enough to work on the self for spiritual progress?
Fight for seeking self-realization.
The one who does never dies.

कर्म करना हैं लेकिन किस भाव से और किस मोटिव से ये बहुत इम्पोर्टेन्ट हैं.
कुछ करने जा रहे हो…रूक कर पूछो भाव क्या हैं? इसके पीछे मेरा उद्देश्य क्या है?
यह विचार कर …फिर कर्म करो…
Whether you do something or do not do something, people will say something!! It is their journey.

Don’t give much importance to that. Focus only on the self. Be aware at all times…ध्यान रखो…What am I doing…what is the thought behind my action…what are my thoughts…why am I doing this?

Do not expect anything from anyone. Expectations will definitely bring misery.

Karm will come in the coming chapters in detail – we will discuss then.



Chapter 1 Verse 32-36

Arjuna laments that what use would be of the kingdom that he would get after killing all his relatives.
He tells Krishna that even if they kill me it is okay but I am not ready to kill anyone.
He says that he is not ready to fight with them even if he gets to rule all the three worlds.
He asks what pleasure he would derive by killing the sons of Dhritarastra.
He says that it will be a sin to kill the aggressors. He keeps asking Krishna what would be the gain and how could one be happy after killing one’s own kinsmen.


Arjuna is facing immense doubts because he has the qualities of a saint.
He is not behaving like a Kshatriya should. Yet even if he has attained saintliness and is worried about his salvation he must not forget that he is a Kshatriya and he cannot refuse to fight a battle as per dharma.


Aggressors as per the Vedic injunctions are: * a poison giver * one who sets fire to the house * one who attacks with deadly weapons * who one plunders riches * one who occupies another’s land * one who kidnaps a wife.
No sin is incurred by killing such aggressors.


Lord Rama also killed Ravana and fought the battle though he was very saintly.
Arjuna would have fought too had it been people other than his relatives on the enemy team.


Arjuna is discriminating here. It is like if it is his son or anyone close to him who has wronged, he will forgive. But had it been just any outsider, he would have fought the battle.


Wrong is wrong and in dharma one must fight for the countrymen.


Besides, Krishna had tried a lot to negotiate with Duryodhana who had refused to listen. So the battle had to be fought.


Here what we understand is – Why do we safeguard our own vices and cover them up or hide them so that they do not surface.


We feel anger and we hide it or suppress it. Greed, comparison, hatred, ego, lust, attachment are all Kauravas within us.
We cannot refuse to destroy them thinking we will be destroying our own qualities.
We cannot show any attachment to these qualities.
They must be finished and not hidden.

We tend to hide our negatives either because we are worried about our image in society or we are kind and do not wish to hurt others by speaking out in anger.
What we are forgetting is by suppressing it we are not doing any good. We are keeping these emotions very much alive within us.
Showing out anger or any negative qualities is also not the answer. So what to do?

Kill the negatives with your own positives. Pandavas killed the Kauravas. We discriminate our positive and negatives and positive quality will kill the negative quality within. How do we do this?
Replace them. How you replace old stock in kitchen pantry with new stock? Especially cleaning during Diwali…

This Diwali we will clean our inner self. We will rid ourselves of all our negative qualities by replacing them with our positive qualities.

Anger by compassion, Greed by sharing and giving /sewa, lust with प्रेम (love), attachment by detachment, ego by humility.

In Hindi we say काम क्रोध मोह लोभ अहंकार.

So fight the battle within. Once the good wins over bad then we are empowered completely.